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URL :  Individual Differences in Speech Perception
Author : Efthymia Evangelia Kapnoula
Detail : 2016 | PDF | 2.8 Mb | 258 pages

eBook License: Public Access from https://ir.uiowa.edu

Understanding spoken language is something we may take for granted. However, it is a quite remarkable skill, especially if we consider how often we deal with noise and ambiguities in everyday interactions (due to background noise, unfamiliar accents etc.). Even though listeners typically cope with such difficulties in an effortless manner, we do not yet have a comprehensive understanding of the perceptual and cognitive mechanisms that allow for this.
 
One core issue that remains unclear is how do listeners distinguish between similar speech sounds (e.g. between the words beach and peach). On the one hand, there is robust evidence showing that typical listeners perceive speech in great detail and they use this information in a gradient manner. However, according to an alternative account, listeners are better off focusing only on that portion of the speech signal that is relevant for the ultimate categorization decision. Furthermore, divergence from this latter pattern has been considered a marker of atypical or non-optimal language processing.

The goal of the present study is to develop a novel way of studying such individual differences in order to address fundamental questions about speech perception processes. Ultimately, the study of such differences will lead to a more comprehensive understanding of both typical and atypical patterns of language processing. (From Author)

eBook Contents

Abstract - Gradiency In Speech Perception - General Methods - Effects Of Stimuli Characteristics On Gradiency    And Secondary Cue Use (Experiment 1a) - The Role Of Gradiency In Speech Perception(Experiment 1b) - The Sources Of Gradiency In Early Auditory Processing (Experiment 2) - The Consequences Of Gradiency For Spoken Language Comprehension (Experiment 3) - Altering Categorization Gradiency Via Training (Experiment 4) - General Discussion
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